Shoulder Basics

Bones of the Shoulder

The shoulder is the most complex joint in the body. It is made up of three bones, the scapula (shoulder blade), the humerus (upper arm) and the clavicle (collar bone). There are four articulations, the AC (acromioclavicular) joint, SC (sternoclavicular) joint, GH (glenohumeral) joint and the scapulo-thoracic articulation. Finally, there are 13 muscles including the…

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Frozen Shoulder

frozen-shoulder

What is a frozen shoulder? Adhesive capsulitis, or frozen shoulder, is a painful condition that occurs in the shoulder. This condition is separated from other painful conditions of the shoulder that result in tightness due to the fact that there is a loss of motion in all planes. The good news is that you should…

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Tendons

Knee joint anatomy

Tendons are the structures that attach our muscles to our bones. When a muscle shortens, or flexes, it pulls on a tendon. The tendon moves the bone it is attached to, creating movement in our joints. When a tendon ruptures, the result is weakness of the joint that it is meant to move. In some…

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Broken Ankle

Broken ankle

Ouch! You have a broken ankle! Broken ankles, also called ankle fractures, occur quite frequently – especially in the winter when there is ice around. We are also seeing more broken ankles as people remain more active into their later years than they have in previous generations. What is a broken ankle? There are three…

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Broken Shoulder

Broken Shoulder

You take a long walk with your dog when she sees a squirrel and takes off. Her leash tightens and pulls you to the ground. You fall on your shoulder and have immediate pain and difficulty moving it. Your friend takes you to the emergency room and an X-ray shows that you have broken your shoulder.…

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Sprained Ankle

Sprained Ankle

A sprained ankle is the most common sports injury. In fact, it has been estimated that 25,000 ankle sprains occur each day in the US. Sprains occur when the strong bands of tissue that hold our joints together, called ligaments, stretch or tear. This happens when we twist or roll our ankle suddenly and exceed a ligament’s…

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Knee Arthroscopy

Orthopedics surgery knee arthroscopy anaesthetic

Knee arthroscopy is a way for your surgeon to see into your knee. Years ago large incisions would have to be made to diagnose and treat problems of the knee. The arthroscope is a small instrument about the size of a pencil that has a light source attached to it and a camera at the…

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ACL Tear

ACL tear

An ACL tear is one of the most common injuries we see in sports medicine. The anterior cruciate ligament, or ACL, is one of the four main stabilizing ligaments of the knee. Ligaments are the soft tissues that connect our joints. If one or more of the ligaments around a joint is torn the joint may…

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Distal Biceps Rupture

The distal biceps tendon helps us turn our palms up and flex, or bend our elbows. It is the cord-like structure that you feel in the crease of the elbow when it is flexed (bent) and the palm of your hand is turned up. The word “distal” essentially means the lower end of a tendon,…

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Shoulder Arthritis

Shoulder Arthritis

In general, arthritis refers to a condition that leads to the degeneration and destruction of the surfaces of our joints. Instead of the super smooth surfaces our joints have when we are born, they begin to soften, then crack and fissure and ultimately expose the bone beneath the surface. This causes pain and deformity. Depending…

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